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Overseas Mining Laws

Canada

CANADA

Canada is the world's largest exporter of minerals and metals.

Code:

NI 43-101

Key Mining Legislation:

Territorial Lands Act

Northwest Territories and Nunavut Mining Regulations

British Columbia Mines Act 1996

Ontario Mining Act

Quebec Mining Act

Alberta Mines and Minerals Act

Yukon Placer Mining Act 2003

The Mines and Minerals Act Manitoba

Nova Scotia Mineral Resources Regulations

New Brunswick Mining Act

Useful Links:

Government of Canada

Natural Resources Canada

The Mining Association of Canada

Saskatchewan Mining Association

Mining Yukon

Government of New Brunswick – Minerals and Petroleum

There is no one "Canadian Mining Law". Mining is largely provincial and territorial jurisdiction, so there are effectively 13 different laws. Coal, uranium, and quarries all have separate and different laws from metal mining.

Canada's legal structure relies on four kinds of law: criminal law, constitutional law, administrative law, and civil law.

Aboriginal rights and title issues are part of the constitutional law of Canada, and are found in specific Supreme Court decisions: Delgamuukw, Sparrow, the Haida/Taku case. These cases restrict the rights of the Crown and mining companies on traditional Indigenous lands, and assign a "fiduciary responsibility" to the Crown to protect the rights and interests of Aboriginal people.