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转出/转入协议

在转出/转入协议之下,第三方(“收购人”)通常同意以进行规定的工作义务(“盈利义务”)(称为“收益”义务)为对价,向一名或以上的现有牌照持有人/承租人(“业主”)收购生产牌照/租赁及/或关连的运营协议中的权益(“盈利权益”)。

转出/转入协议应就盈利权益、盈利义务及使协议生效的先决条件(比如,根据适用的立法获得所需的所有授权)慎重构建的清晰定义。开始日期、结束日期,以及收购人的最低义务亦应清晰地列载。该协议应提及当地社区或其他所提出的任何持续的地权申索,包括产权负担及其他所有权或相关矿业资产的权益。

该协议将一定包括由一个业主(或多方合营企业情形下的多名业主)向收购人作出的及由收购人向业主作出的一系列基本陈述、保证及承诺。其应进一步载有涉及盈利义务完成及收购人未能完成盈利义务的条款。收购人应向各业主就收购人履行盈利义务时违反协议、疏忽或遗漏而使每名业主遭受的或产生的任何性质的所有损害、损失、开支或负债,作出弥偿。

若业主就有关合营企业已委任经理(见采矿合营企业协议[链接]),该协议应载有对经理及收购人进行监管的条款,包括经理退任(如适用)及委任新经理(收购人参与委任程序)。

进出矿区

矿业公司谈判时及提供基础交通设施时,应慎重考虑项目的发展及将来的储量规定。各方应考虑是否保证提供通道或在最大/合理努力的基础上提供通道。交通网络运营商如对通道作出保证,可能会要求矿业公司同意“照付不议”义务。司法管辖区不同,“最大努力”或“合理努力”的承诺范围亦不相同。

矿业公司亦应澄清将如何向个人用户分配将来增加的及/或减少的交通网络储量。若通道的提供是建立在最大/合理努力的基础上,矿业公司应确保交通网络运营商将在不偏颇的基础上向不同的矿业公司分配储量。在某些司法管辖区,通道条款可能须竞争或其他监管机构批准。

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