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收购兼并

文件、审批流程及时间安排

直接股权收购

在中国进行直接收购,须提供的主要文件包括如下:

  • 转让或认购目标公司注册资本的协议。
  • 若目标公司完成交易后转变为合资企业(“合资”)或由多名投资者组成的外商独资企业(“外商独资企业”)时,可能需要订立新合资企业合同(适用于合资企业)或股东协议(适用于外商独资企业)。
  • 目标企业一致通过的董事会决议,目标公司现有投资者的同意及他们放弃股权转让的优先购买权,或股东们达成一致决议收购国内公司的情况下。

资产收购

在中国进行直接收购,须提供的文件包括如下:

  • 为初步交易准备适当的资产转让协议。
  • 取得资产销售的批准决议。
  • 通知债权人或人员配置计划。

审批流程及时间安排

在收到所有欲在中国进行直接收购或资产收购的必要文件后,审批机关将会审查该等文件的中文版本,并可能要求更改文件。取得该等必要审批可能需时一周甚至一年多,即使审批机关在审批过程中没有指出任何问题。

非政府机构同意及批准

I在收购的情况下,完成交易前可能需获其他非政府机构同意或批准,包括获卖方同意,获其他股东同意或豁免、获董事会批准、或符合合同义务(例如,银行贷款或担保协议可能要求借款人在其控制权出现变动前获得贷款人批准)。

在资产收购的情况下,也需要发出公告及通知债权人。国内公司出售其资产须通知其债权人,并在其董事会通过出售资产的有关决议之日起10天内发出公告。任何债权人将有权要求出售方提供相应的抵押物。若依据资产交易而须解散的目标公司,根据中国清算及解散程序,则应在收到审批机关最初审批回复后的10天内通知所有债权人。

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